Solar Energy Systems: Open the Doors to Sustainable Energy

Photovoltaic power plants are categorized into three different categories based on their connection to the electricity grid:

  • 1- On-Grid (Grid-Connected)
  • 2- Off-Grid (Grid-Disconnected)
  • 3- Hybrid types.

On-Grid solar panel systems generate electricity using solar energy while being connected to the electricity grid. They allow for the consumption of energy produced during the day and the injection of excess generated energy into the grid. At night, since there is no solar energy production, these systems meet energy needs from the grid.

Off-Grid Systems are more common in areas where there is no grid, and they allow for the instantaneous consumption of electricity generated during the day, with excess energy being stored in batteries. Thus, excess electricity is stored and used from the batteries during hours when solar energy is not being produced.

Hybrid systems are formed by connecting On-Grid and Off-Grid systems together. They have grid connections and also store energy generated from solar energy in batteries.

Advantages of Setting Up a Solar Energy Plant (SEP): • Cost: Converting solar energy to electrical energy can reduce energy costs in consumed energy. Solar energy is a renewable and free source of energy, which provides significant savings in the long run.

• Feedback: In On-Grid systems, excess energy produced can be fed back into the electric grid. The purchase of the excess energy produced from you is done with end-of-month netting, which can further reduce energy bills and may allow you to receive energy credits or incentives in some regions.

• Reducing Carbon Emissions: Solar energy minimizes impacts on the environment by reducing carbon emissions. This is an important step in the fight against global warming and climate change. Reporting the use of renewable energy in export and Carbon Taxes by manufacturing factories provides financial and commercial advantages.

• Quick Return on Investment (ROI): Solar panel systems generally have lower installation and maintenance costs compared to other renewable energy systems, providing a quick return on investment (ROI) with an average payback period of 4 years.

• Flexible Installation: There are different construction installation options available that can adapt to different types of roofs and areas.

• Local and Central Regulations: Solar Energy Systems can operate in compliance with local and central energy regulations, and with incentives, they increase energy independence.

Sectoral Applications: On-Grid solar panel systems can be used in residential, commercial, and industrial projects to reduce energy costs and enhance environmental sustainability. Off-Grid Systems are commonly used in structures like vineyard houses, mountain houses, and farms where energy transmission lines cannot reach. Hybrid Systems meet the needs in areas where there are many grid outages.

Solar Energy Systems can work integratedly with smart grids and future energy management systems. In the coming years, where we have to switch to advanced energy management and monitoring solutions to live in a more sustainable and clean world, SEP will optimize energy consumption and further reduce energy costs.

Goal Zero Solar Panels: Your Adventures With The Sun

Have you heard of Goal Zero before? 

In today’s article, we would like to talk to you about Goal Zero, a company specializing in portable solar energy solutions, and the solar panels designed and manufactured by it. These panels are so designed that they can convert energy from the sun into electrical energy that can be used to charge a variety of devices such as smartphones, laptops, cameras, and portable power stations. With their lightweight and easy-to-carry features, these solar panels immediately distinguish themselves from others with these features. Because of these features, you can use these solar panels for camping and outdoor activities, traveling and hiking, in emergencies such as power outages or natural disasters where access to conventional power sources is limited when working remotely, for boating and marine applications, or to facilitate off-grid lives in remote locations. You can also activate the energy collected from the sun by Goal Zero’s solar panels with power supplies or generators that store this energy for later use.

Made with high-efficiency solar cells, such as monocrystalline or polycrystalline cells, which provide greater power output per square inch of panel surface, these solar panels use photovoltaic cells to convert sunlight into electricity. Moreover, Goal Zero solar panels are sent to users with apparatus such as USB ports or charging cables to facilitate direct charging of devices.

How do Goal Zero solar panels work?

Goal Zero solar panels work by using energy from sunlight and converting it into usable electrical energy.

Solar Panel Construction: Goal Zero solar panels are built using photovoltaic cells, which are usually silicon-based and made of semiconductor materials. Thanks to the photovoltaic effect, these cells can easily convert sunlight directly into electrical energy.

Absorption of Sunlight: When the solar panel is exposed to sunlight, the photovoltaic cells inside the panel absorb photons, which are particles of light from sunlight. Photons also transfer their energy to electrons in the semiconductor material, thereby allowing the electrons to break free from their atomic bonds.

Electron Flow: Energized electrons flow through the cells, thereby causing an electric current of direct current quality. The electrical connections inside the solar panel collect and combine the current from multiple photovoltaic cells to produce a higher voltage.

Electrical Output: The electricity produced by the solar panel is transferred to an onboard charge controller or power station. The charge controller regulates the flow of electricity, on the one hand, to charge various devices, and on the other hand, to carry out the process of suitability for storage in a battery.

Power Storage: Goal Zero solar panels are often used in conjunction with power supplies or portable power plants. These devices contain batteries that store the electrical energy produced by the solar panel and are capable of being charged. This stored energy can perform the function of powering devices even in the absence of sunlight.

Device Charging: Energy from the solar panel stored in the electrical outlet or power pack can be used to charge many devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops, cameras, or USB-powered devices. Some solar panels have built-in USB ports or charging cables to directly connect and charge devices. However, in other solar panels, additional adapters or connectors must be activated for this.

Goal Zero solar panels offer its users an environmentally friendly solution with renewable and portable features that can be used for electricity generation. Thus, users always feel the power of the sun with them and with this power, they can charge their electronic devices and even stay connected even in off-grid situations.

 

Set sail for new adventures with the power of the sun!

References

1. GoalZero. Nomad 5 solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/nomad-5-user-guide-124-1221.pdf

2. GoalZero. Nomad 7 plus solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Nomad7Plus.pdf

3. GoalZero. Nomad 10 solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/nomad-10-sku-11900-user-guide-141-9b1c.pdf

4. GoalZero. Nomad 14 plus solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Nomad14Plus-English.pdf

5. GoalZero. Nomad 20 solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/nomad-20-sku-11910-user-guide-142-d220.pdf

6. GoalZero. Nomad 50 solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/nomad-50-sku-11920-user-guide-143-cab4.pdf

7. GoalZero. Nomad 100 solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/nomad-100-user-guide-24-e970.pdf

8. GoalZero. Nomad 200 solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/nomad-200-solar-panel-user-guide-157-11ed.pdf

9. GoalZero. Boulder 50 solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/boulder-50-user-guide-26-201d.pdf

10. GoalZero. Boulder 100 solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/boulder-100-user-guide-27-1afe.pdf

11. GoalZero. Boulder 100 briefcase solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/boulder-100-bc-user-guide-25-735a.pdf

12. GoalZero. Boulder 200 briefcase solar panel user guide. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://goalzero.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/boulder-200-briefcase-user-guide-47-b7bd.pdf

13. GoalZero. How it works. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://www.goalzero.com/pages/how-goal-zero-works

14. GoalZero. Back to basics-How to choose a solar panel. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://www.goalzero.com/blogs/news/back-basics-how-choose-solar-panel

15. GoalZero. Back to basics-How to set up your solar panel. Access date: 10 July 2023. Url address: https://www.goalzero.com/blogs/news/back-to-basics-how-to-set-up-your-solar-panel

Maximizing The Efficiency Of Your Solar Panels: Tips And Tricks

If you have installed or are considering purchasing a solar panel, you need to know how to maximize its efficiency. For this purpose, we have prepared a mini guide for you. The simple tips and tricks in the guide will act as a beacon for you and help you get the most out of your solar panels.

Here are tiny tips for high efficiency of solar panels:

Using High-Quality Panels: Quality panels have better performance and a longer lifespan. It is therefore vital that you invest in high-quality solar panels with good performance values and conversion efficiency. Moreover, high-efficiency panels have the feature of producing more electricity per square meter.

Optimum Placement: We recommend that you install solar panels in areas exposed to the highest levels of sunlight throughout the day. These points are known as south-facing locations in the northern hemisphere and north-facing locations in the southern hemisphere. Also, where solar panels are installed, there should be no obstructions such as trees, buildings or shadows that could block sunlight.

Tilt and Angle: To maximize the amount of sunlight the solar panels receive, you should fine-tune their tilt and angle. An excellent way to maximize the performance of your solar system is to tilt the system at a sharper angle. Ideally, your panels should be angled so that they face the sun directly overhead so that the solar panels can capture most of the sunlight. In this way, solar panels will increase energy production by absorbing more sun rays and your electricity bills will be greatly reduced.

Regular Cleaning: For the cleaning of solar panels, it is necessary to purify the solar panels from dust, dirt, leaves, or other residues. To ensure optimum light absorption of the solar panels, you should regularly check the surface of the panels and pay extra attention to the cleanliness of the solar panels, especially in areas with high levels of pollution or dust.

Optimal System Sizing: While designing the solar energy system, you should not ignore your energy needs. For this, it would be wise to first analyze your electricity consumption patterns and choose an appropriate system size to avoid under or over-use. Because oversizing can cause underuse. On the other hand, under-sizing can lead to insufficient energy production.

Inverter Efficiency: During use in your home or grid, you should choose an efficient inverter that converts the direct current produced by solar panels into alternating current. The higher the quality of an inverter, the higher the conversion capability.

Avoid Shading: Even partial shading can hinder the efficiency of solar panels. Therefore, it is necessary to minimize the shading on the solar panels. To do this, you can prune overhanging branches, remove nearby structures, or seek help from shading analysis tools.

Monitoring and Maintenance: You should regularly monitor the performance of your solar panels to detect any problem or decrease in the efficiency of your solar panels. When you analyze and pay attention to data such as energy production, system efficiency, and deviations from expected output, you can immediately identify any problem and produce the necessary solution immediately. In addition to checking for damaged or worn components, you should replace them if necessary. Because you can help solar panels maintain their top performance through timely repairs or replacements.

Battery Storage: If you are using a solar system with battery storage, you must be careful about storing the batteries properly and charging them when necessary. Thanks to efficient storage, you can have the chance to use the stored excess energy on cloudy days or at night. This will maximize the overall efficiency of your solar panels.

References

1. BakingBird. Maximizing your solar panel efficiency-tips and tricks. Access date: 30 June 2023.
https://www.thebakingbird.com/maximizing-your-solar-panel-efficiency-tips-and-tricks/

2. Surple. 6 ways to improve solar panel efficiency. Access date: 30 June 2023.
https://surple.co.uk/solar-panel-efficiency/

3. Sun Valley Solar Solutions. 5 ways to maximize your solar panel production. Access date: 30 June 2023.
https://www.sunvalleysolar.com/blog/maximize-solar-panel-production

4. Captain Green Solar. Maximizing the efficiency of your solar panels: tips and strategies. Access date: 30 June 2023.
https://captaingreen.com.au/maximise-efficiency-of-solar-panels/

5. Republic of Solar. How to maximise the efficiency of solar panels? Access date: 30 June 2023.
https://thesolarlabs.com/ros/how-to-maximise-efficiency-of-solar-panels/

6. Cool Blew Solar. How to Maximize Solar Panel Efficiency. Access date: 30 June 2023.
https://coolblewsolar.com/blog/how-to-maximize-solar-panel-efficiency/

7. Vertical Solar. Tricks for maximizing the efficiency of your solar system. Access date: 30 June 2023.
https://verticalsolar.com.ng/2023/04/04/tricks-for-maximizing-the-ef%EF%AC%81ciency-of-your-solar-system/

8. RatedPower. Solar cell efficiency and how to improve it. Access date: 30 June 2023.
https://ratedpower.com/blog/solar-cell-efficiency-improve/

9. Solar Secure. Solar panel maintenance: tips for maximizing the effectiveness of solar energy. Access date: 30 June 2023.
https://www.solar-secure.com.au/blog/tips-for-maximizing-solar-energy/

10. BioEnergy Consult. 7 tips To improve solar panel efficiency. Access date: 30 June 2023.
https://www.bioenergyconsult.com/tips-to-improve-solar-panel-efficiency/

11. Parthiban, R. , Ponnambalam, P. (2022). An enhancement of the solar panel efficiency: a comprehensive review. Frontiers in Energy Research, 10.

12. Nazar, R. (2015). Improvement of efficiency of solar panel using different methods. International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 7(1).

Monocrystalline Solar Panels: How They Work and Why They Are Efficient?

Monocrystalline solar panels are a type of photovoltaic panel that converts sunlight directly into electricity through the photovoltaic effect.

Now, Let’s examine together how Monocrystalline Solar Panels work and why these panels are efficient.

Structural Features: Monocrystalline solar panels are made from a single crystal structure based on highly purified silicon. The silicon used in these panels is highly purified to create a smooth and continuous crystal lattice structure. This is how a smooth, dark-colored panel with rounded edges is created.

Photovoltaic Effect: Monocrystalline solar panels take advantage of the photovoltaic effect, in which photons, light particles from sunlight, activate electrons in silicon atoms.

Absorption of Photons: When sunlight hits the surface of the monocrystalline solar panel, the photons are absorbed by the silicon atoms. Photons transfer their energy to the electrons in the silicon atoms and cause their excitation by this transfer.

Electron Excitation: The absorbed energy raises the electrons in the silicon atoms to a higher energy level. Thus, it allows them to escape from their original position in the crystal lattice structure.

Electron Flow: The displaced and energized electrons now begin to move freely in the crystal lattice, flowing through the crystal structure so to speak, creating a flow of electrons known as electric current. The metal conductive plates on the top and bottom of the panel collect this current. The collected current is passed through the cables for external use.

Conductive Plates and Electrical Circuit: Metal conductive plates at the top and bottom of the panel capture the flowing electrons and direct them for external use.

Electrical Output: Captured electrons pass through the external circuit and create usable electrical power. This power can be used to power various devices, charge batteries, or feed a power grid for distribution.

Efficiency: Monocrystalline solar panels are known for their high efficiency levels compared to other types of solar panels.

We can explain the reason as follows:

Crystal Structure: The uniform crystal structure of monocrystalline panels facilitates the travel of electrons being conducive to consistent electron flow. In this way, electron distortion caused by the crystal boundaries is also experienced at the lowest level.

Purity of Silicon: Monocrystalline solar panels use pure silicon to increase their performance. High-purity silicon provides better electron conductivity. This also means less energy loss. Less energy loss also leads to higher efficiency.

More Efficiency at High Temperatures: Monocrystalline solar panels perform better at high temperatures. High-quality silicon and efficient crystal structure protect the monocrystalline solar panel against efficiency losses caused by temperature rise in hot climates or during the summer months.

High Conversion Efficiency: Monocrystalline solar panels typically feature higher conversion efficiency than other solar panel technologies. What is meant by conversion efficiency is the percentage of sunlight that can actually be converted into usable electricity. This ratio is quite high for monocrystalline panels. It seems that monocrystalline solar panels can convert a significant portion of sunlight into electricity.

Space Efficiency: Monocrystalline panels can generate more electricity in a given surface area with space efficiency. Thus, these panels become a space-saving option for installations with limited roof or floor space.

Low Light Performance: Monocrystalline panels do not lose their current performance even at low light levels easily. These panels can even generate electricity from scattered light on cloudy days or in shady areas.

Durability and Longevity: Monocrystalline solar panels are known for their durability and longevity among other solar panels. Because they can maintain their durability and efficiency even in a wide variety of weather conditions. Their solid construction and high-quality materials contribute greatly to their reputation as efficient and long-lasting panels among other panels.

References

1. Linquip. Everything you need to know about monocrystalline solar panel. Access date: 16 June 2023. Url address: https://www.linquip.com/blog/what-is-a-monocrystalline-solar-panel/ Anaa Lavaa /

2. Anern. What is a monocrystalline solar panel? Access date: 16 June 2023. https://www.anerngroup.com/what-is-a-monocrystalline-solar-panel.html

3. Access date: 16 June 2023. https://www.theengineerspost.com/solar-panel-types/

4. Dobrzanski, L. A. , Drygala, A. , Giedroc, M. and Macek, M. (2012). Monocrystalline silicon solar cells applied in photovoltaic system. Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, 53 (1), 7-13.

5. Zaini, N. H. , Ab Kadir, M. Z. , ; Izadi, M. and Ahmad, N. I (2015). The effect of temperature on a mono-crystalline solar pv panel. IEEE Conference on Energy Conversion.

6. Mirzaei, M., Mohiabadi, M. Z. ( 2017). A comparative analysis of long-term field test of monocrystalline and polycrystalline PV power generation in semi-arid climate conditions. Energy for Sustainable Development, 38, 93-101.

7. Sugianto, S. (2020). Comparative analysis of solar cell efficiency between monocrystalline and polycrystalline. INTEK Jurnal Penelitian, 7 (2), 92-100.

Solar Panels And Energy Storage: The Ultimate Guide

Solar panels do not have direct energy storage feature. The ability of solar panels to store the electricity produced is only possible with the presence of an additional system such as a solar cell. Solar cells, characterised as photovoltaic cells, convert the energy of sunlight into electricity through a process called photovoltaic effect. Thus, the solar energy produced by solar cells can be stored in batteries. When solar cells produce more electricity than will be consumed, this excess energy can also be used to charge the batteries. These batteries convert the energy they store as chemical energy into electrical energy when necessary.

How Do Solar Cells Work?

Basic working principle of solar cells is based on the interaction of sunlight with the semiconductor material of the solar cell made of silicon. When sunlight consisting of photons hits the surface of the solar cell, the photons transfer their energy to the semiconductor material of the solar cell. Electrons that are at rest at that time become active. The sunlight falling on the cells in the solar cell, so to speak, caused a motion between two different types of semiconductor materials, which have more electrons and few electrons. At this time, electrons ejected from the material with many electrons flow towards the other material with few electrons due to the energy causes by light. We can say that this mobility is the triggering element of electric current generation.

How Do Solar Cells Store Solar Energy?

There are metal contacts at the top and bottom of the solar cell to collect the electric current produced. The current collected through these metal contacts flows through an external electrical circuit like a wire connected to the solar cell. Every time electrons move through this electrical circuit, electrical energy is produced. This flow of electrons, on one hand, powers electrical devices. On the one hand, it produces an electric current that can be stored for later use when needed. Because solar cells store the excess electricity produced by solar panels when the sunlight is intense, so to speak, for the times when there is a shortage of sunlight. On cloudy days and nights when solar panels cannot produce enough electricity due to the lack of sunlight, this energy stored in solar cells is used to power devices in places such as homes or workplaces. However, for this to happen, sometimes more than one solar cell may need to be connected in series or parallel. Solar energy panels that emerge in this way create medium and large-scale systems by combining the power of solar cell cells, and in a way further increases the level of electrical energy produced by the battery. These environmentally friendly systems are used in factories, resorts, scientific equipment and spacecraft. Solar cells, which are made of chemicals such as lead-acid, lithium-ion or salt water cells, which are activated when the panel cannot meet the electricity need, eliminate the dependence on the electricity grid and in a sense encourage the use of solar energy.

References

1. Mitali, J. Dhinakaran, S. and Mohamad, A. A. (2022), Energy storage systems: A review, Energy Storage and Saving, 1 (3), pp. 166-216.

2. Hussen, S. Ayalew, F. Bajaj, M. and Kumar, N. , “An overview of recent advances in energy storage for solar power systems”, IEEE International Conference on Automatica, Universidad de Talca at Curicó Chile.

3. Turijillo, A.C. and Vigata A. F. (2021). Solar photovoltaic energy storage system. (Bachelor’s Thesis). Bachelor of Engineering Degree Programme in Energy Technology, Vaasa.

4. Green, M. A. (1998). Solar cells. The University of New South Wales.

5. Nelson, J. (2003). The physics of solar cells. Imperial College Press.

6. Hu, C. and White, R. M. (1983). Solar cells- from basics to advanced systems. University of California, Berkeley.

Solar Panels In Cold Climates: Tips For Efficiency And Durability

Solar panels contain a large number of photovoltaic cells. Photon particles from sunlight hit these cells inside the solar panels and activate the electrons. This movement is the triggering force that creates the electric current. The resulting electrical current is the electrical power that drives electrical devices.

How does temperature affect solar panels?

Solar panels receive the most sunlight at noon, when the sun is at its highest and its light is strongest. The more sunlight falls on the solar panels, the more electricity is produced. However, this does not mean that solar panels work only in the afternoon or on long summer days. The efficiency of the solar panel, or rather electricity production, mostly depends on the solar radiation. Therefore, it can be assumed that the warmer climate is the most suitable for solar energy production. However, higher temperature does not contribute to the higher efficiency.

Is It Possible to Say That Solar Panels Work Better in Cold Weather?

Solar panels can also generate sufficient energy for power using sunlight on winter days when low level light is intense. So, solar panels are quite functional in winter conditions. However, there are times when electricity production is lower than in summer because the days are shorter and snowfall temporarily reduces solar power generation. However, photovoltaic technology in solar panels paves the way for more efficient conversion of sunlight into electrical energy in cold weather. Photovoltaic panels become more efficient in cold weather, as electrical conductivity increases at low temperatures. Like all electronic devices, solar panels work better in cold weather. On the other hand, solar panels gradually lose their efficiency at temperatures above 25 °C. This feature is the source of the decrease in the efficiency of solar panels in summer months. The reduced efficiency can be somewhat offset by longer days in the summer and longer hours of exposure of the solar panels to sunlight.

What is the Effect of Cold Weather on the Efficiency of Solar Panels?

Electrons are immobile in photovoltaic cells. When sunlight or a stream of energetic photons hits them, the electrons are activated, creating a large voltage difference across the panels. This allows more energy to be produced. Therefore, solar panels work more efficiently in the cold. Solar panels can generate electricity even when covered with heavy snow during winter months. Because sunlight can reach the panels even through the snow layer. In fact, thanks to the dark and reflective glass of the solar panels, the snow on the solar panels melts easily and the melting snow flows easily from the panel. Solar panels are usually mounted at a slope of 30-45 degrees where they are located. This slope also prevents accumulation of snow up to a certain stage. Also, solar panels have smooth surface. Thanks to these features, the snow accumulated on the solar panels can easily melt. Additionally, solar panels are a reliable source of energy that can generate electricity all year round, making them a smart investment tool for potential customers.

References

1. Burakova, A. D. (May 2017), Evoluation of the operation efficiency of solar panel in winter, IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science, 72 (1).

2. Heelman, D. S. (August 2015). Ice as a novel material for solar panels in cold climates: potential for adoption and usage. ECPR General Conference, Montreal.

3. Clarke, E. D. (2022), Solar energy and weather, Weather, 77 (3), pp. 90-91.

4. Livelywatt. “Why do solar panels work better in cold temperatures?”. Access date: 30 May 2023. Url address: https://livelywatt.com/why-do-solar-panels-work-better-in-cold-temperatures

5. Saveonenergy. “Solar panels in the winter”. Access date: 30 May 2023. Url address: https://www.saveonenergy.com/solar-energy/do-solar-panels-work-in-winter/

6. Thesolarlabs. “Are solar panels good to be installed in cold climate?”. Access date: 30 May 2023. Url address: https://thesolarlabs.com/ros/solar-panels-in-cold-climate/

7. Bostonsolar. “Do solar panels work well in cold weather?”. Access date: 30 May 2023. Url address: https://www.bostonsolar.us/solar-blog-resource-center/blog/answered-do-solar-panels-work-well-in-cold-weather/

Solar Panels Vs Traditional Energy Sources: Which Is Better For The Environment?

Whether it is deciding on the energy options for your home or business, you will have to decide between traditional energy sources and solar energy with the choice you make. This study aims to draw a framework about the characteristics, environmental effects and costs of these energy sources.

Fossil Fuels and Greenhouse Effect

Fossil fuels have the largest share with 60% in energy production in the world. When energy is obtained as a result of combustion from fossil fuels, gases in the form of flue gas, especially CO2, are dispersed into the atmosphere. When the amount of CO2, which plays an important role in the formation of the greenhouse effect, increases, the temperature of the earth increases and the climate balances deteriorate. If fossil fuel consumption continues to increase, it is predicted that the temperature of our world will increase by 5 degrees in the next 50 years, and there will be more rain and flood disasters as there will be more evaporation from the seas, lakes and rivers in this way. In particular, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and carbon gases released into the air by the combustion of fossil fuels such as coal and oil combine with raindrops and accelerate acid rain. These rains damage living things, railways, buildings, bridges and historical remains.

Renewable Energy and Decreasing Carbon Footprint

In addition to all these negativities, the importance of renewable energy sources is increasing due to the rapid depletion of world fossil fuel reserves. Renewable energy sources meet 14% of the total energy demand in the world and are called alternative energy sources, including areas such as solar energy. These energy sources, which are used to produce energy again and again, also have the feature of being sustainable due to their continuity. The source of solar energy is the sun’s rays, which will never run out. In contrast, traditional energy is derived from limited fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas, which will eventually run out. At the same time, renewable energy sources are easily accessible as they can be found in every country in the world. In addition, solar energy has an extremely low carbon footprint and does not produce any greenhouse gas emissions. While there are certain emissions associated with the manufacture, transportation and installation of solar panels that convert heat and light from the sun into usable electrical energy and keep all the devices used, these emissions are almost zero compared to conventional energy sources.

Relevant Costs

Unlike traditional energy, which is influenced by supply and demand, geopolitical events, weather conditions and market price fluctuations, solar energy costs are decreasing day by day. Solar energy, with its economical price, is becoming more and more attractive as a type of energy that can be accessed by everyone. However, traditional energy will still remain in our lives until a full transition to renewable energy sources is possible. As such, priorities, value system and energy needs will bring people closer to either the traditional or the renewable one.

References

1. Panwar, N. L. Kaushik, S. C. and Kothari S. (2011). Renewable and sustainable energy reviews. 15, 1513-1524.

2. Shah, A. Larsen, B. (1992). Carbon taxes, the greenhouse effect, and developing countries. Office of the Vice President, Development Economics, World Bank.

3. Rice, W. B. (2015). The story of fossil fuels. Teacher Created Materials.

4. Washburne, S. (2018). Alternative energy sources the end of fossil fuels? Greenhaven Publishing LLC.

5. Johannes, K. F. (2017). Fuel cells, solar panels, and storage devices materials and methods. Wiley.

6. Ionsolar. “Solar energy vs. traditional energy”. Access date: 30 May 2023. Url address: https://www.ionsolar.com/ion-solar-blog/solar-energy-vs-traditional-energy

7. Eponline. “Solar panels and their effect on the environment”. Access date: 30 May 2023. Url address: https://eponline.com/articles/2022/12/09/solar-panels-and-their-effect.aspx

The Advantages of Solar Panels: Environmental and Financial Benefits

In a nutshell, solar energy is converting the sun’s energy into electricity or heat. Solar energy is completely free of charge and can provide numerous benefits to both humanity and the world thanks to the contributions of technology.  What is more, it is becoming an increasingly preferred energy source globally (National Geographic, 2022). So, what are the advantages of solar energy? How can we contribute to nature, the environment and people by using solar energy?

Environmental Benefits of Solar Energy

When it comes to the environmental benefits of solar energy, numerous advantages can be mentioned. Compared to other energy sources, solar energy almost has a minimum negative effect on the environment. This type of energy does not cause water pollution, as very little water is needed to use solar energy. This is especially true when a comparison is made with nuclear power plants, which require much more water than solar energy. Since solar energy production does not cause noise, it can be used easily in urban areas (Rinalducci, 2022).

Financial Benefits of Solar Energy

There are only a few methods that are as efficient and budget-friendly as the solar power, when it comes to households generating their own electricity. If families install solar panels to their roofs, they will have much less energy demand. This ultimately has positive results in terms of energy savings and contribution to the family budget. In addition, you can even make more money by selling the electricity you don’t use back to the suppliers. By using solar panels, the return on investment takes short time. You can save energy for your family and have the chance to earn additional income as well (Minos, 2023).

As the benefits and usage areas of solar energy are quite diverse, it can be used in many different fields and sectors. Indeed, when you look at the essence of the matter, it is possible to benefit from the solar energy wherever there is sunlight (Low Carbon Energy, 2017). This feature of solar energy is especially suitable for remote areas where different electricity sources are not available.

If you are planning to install a solar energy system for your home, we are happy to introduce you Rhofa Energy, providing “clean energy to everyone”.

References

Low Carbon Energy. (2017, January 30). 10 Key Advantages of Solar for Businesses and Homeowners. May 2, 2023 tarihinde https://www.lowcarbonenergy.co/news/advantages-of-solar-power/

Minos, S. (2023, February 13). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). (T. U. (DOE, Prodüktör) May 2, 2023 tarihinde Energy: https://www.energy.gov/energysaver/articles/5-benefits-residential-solar

Minos, S. (2023, February 13). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). (T. U. (DOE, Prodüktör) May 2, 2023 tarihinde Energy: https://www.energy.gov/energysaver/articles/5-benefits-residential-solar

Low Carbon Energy. (2017, January 30). 10 Key Advantages of Solar for Businesses and Homeowners. May 2, 2023 tarihinde https://www.lowcarbonenergy.co/news/advantages-of-solar-power/

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